Migraine is a disease that causes long, intense, sometimes completely intolerable headaches. Migraine can completely deprive a person of sleep and rest, destroy his career and personal life. There is an opinion that migraine is a disease of the aristocrats, a caprice of people with an excess of free time. Today there is a solution, medications help, and one of them is Poligot. It is a combination drug. Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, mainly the cerebral cortex, respiratory and vasomotor centers. Increases mental and physical performance, reduces sleepiness and fatigue. It has a pronounced cardiotonic effect: it increases strength and heart rate, increases blood pressure in hypotension. Ergotamine has a vasoconstrictor effect. Caffeine accelerates absorption of ergotamine.
Signs of migraine
It is true that many people refer to any headache as a migraine, but this is fundamentally mistaken. Migraine is distinguished from the usual malaise due to fatigue or hypertension by a number of factors.
- Localization of the pain. This feature is reflected in the very name of the disease: migraine is a distortion of the French grammar ημικρανία (“hemicrania”) – half of the head. One of the distinguishing features of migraine is the localization of the pain, which involves only one hemisphere or part of it. However, some people interpret the Greek name in their own way: the head splits in two. And they are not far from the truth.
- The nature of the pain. Migraine is characterized by intense throbbing pain. Many patients say that the sensations resemble an attack of acute toothache, but, of course, have a different localization.
- The severity of the pain. A migraine attack literally sweeps the person off his feet, depriving him of the ability to do any useful activity. The condition may be accompanied by light and noise phobia: sounds and bright light lead to an increase in pain.
Mechanism of migraine onset
Despite the fact that migraine has been known since ancient times, the principle of pain formation is still not fully understood. It is very likely that migraine is not related to intracranial and arterial pressure, is not caused by tumors and trauma, and is not a consequence of mental tension. There is a correlation between migraine and stroke, but whether migraine is a consequence of stroke or its cause is not definitively known.
Currently, there are several hypotheses explaining the mechanics of the pain, and all of them, in one way or another, concern the cerebral vessels. This seems to be the reason for the pulsating character of the pain. Among the most possible causes of the pain syndrome is the narrowing of the vascular lumen, which causes insufficient blood supply to certain parts of the brain, which is why migraine pain is clearly localized. According to another version, for various reasons, the vessels expand unevenly, provoking a reaction in the form of pain. If the internal mechanics of a migraine is of more interest to specialists, the factors directly provoking the attack are a pressing issue for ordinary patients.