Hemorrhoids (from the Greek haima – “blood”, roe – “flow”) is one of the most common diseases in proctology, which is based on the pathological condition of the cavernous plexuses of the rectum, accompanied by blood stasis in them. Hemorrhoids manifest themselves by periodic bleeding from the nodes, their falling out of the anal canal and frequent inflammation. Hemorrhoids affect men and women equally. Some of them do: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/hemofer.
Classification of hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids. With internal hemorrhoids, there is a varicose expansion of hemorrhoidal veins, which are deep in the anal canal, so with a normal examination such hemorrhoidal nodes are not visible. In order to see them, one has to resort to special methods of examination: anoscopy, rectoscopy. Such nodes can also be detected by finger rectal examination. Such a sign of the disease as prolapse of hemorrhoids can cause bleeding when they are traumatized during the act of defecation. With significant weakness of the ligament apparatus of the rectum, such nodes fall out during defecation or significant pressure. In addition, internal nodes may become pinched if they fall out and the anal sphincter spasms. Most often, the first signs of internal hemorrhoids are bleeding.
External hemorrhoids. In this type of hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidal nodes are noted on the outside and should not be confused with prolapsed internal hemorrhoidal nodes. Most often, external knots are manifested by thrombosis. Bleeding from external nodes usually does not occur, as they are not traumatized during defecation. Such hemorrhoids are painful and unpleasant when defecating. But the constant stagnation of blood in them can lead to the formation of blood clots. Externally, an external hemorrhoidal node can be of varying sizes, from 3 mm or more, which depends on its blood supply. An external hemorrhoidal node is usually covered by the skin, while a p
rolapsed internal node is covered by the mucous membrane of the anal canal.
Combined hemorrhoids. As the name implies, in combined hemorrhoids, the patient has a combination of external and internal hemorrhoids.
Occurrence of hemorrhoids
Normally, all people have external and internal hemorrhoidal venous plexuses under the mucous membrane of the anal canal, which are similar in structure to the cavernous tissue of the genitals. They play a significant role in the retention of intestinal contents, ensuring complete closure of the anal canal when they are filled with blood. As a result of a number of factors, most adults have an increase in hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids begin to develop.
Factors affecting the development of hemorrhoids: constipation, straining, pregnancy, childbirth, hereditary factors, sedentary lifestyle, prolonged standing or sitting, excessive physical activity, some sports (horseback riding, cycling, weight lifting), lifting weights, overweight, spicy, spicy food, alcohol, prolonged exposure to heat (sauna, hot tub), prolonged diarrhea (diarrhea).