Currently, a large number of gynecological diseases have been detected in women. Almost all of them are manifested by cycle disorders, uncharacteristic discharge and pain syndrome. Some of the pathologies have no clear symptoms, which leads to difficulties in diagnosis and prescription of adequate treatment. For detection and quality therapy, a woman should consult an experienced gynecologist at the first signs of disease.
These pathologies are caused by bacteria and viruses. Identify specific (syphilis, gonorrhea, etc.) and non-specific infections (adnexitis, vaginitis, etc.). The danger of such pathological conditions is that they can lead to infertility and other serious health consequences.
In the early stages, many of the diseases have no pronounced signs. This makes the diagnosis and work of a gynecologist much more difficult. It is very important for women to closely monitor their health and regularly undergo preventive examinations.
Unscheduled treatment to a gynecologist and diagnosis is mandatory for such signs of pathology as: uncharacteristic discharge from the genitalia, pain in the lower abdomen, itching and burning, unpleasant feelings during sexual acts, dry vagina; hormonal diseases.
Such pathologies are provoked by violations of hormone formation processes. Factors that increase the risk of disease include: depression and stress; uncontrolled use of certain drugs; severe pregnancy; complicated labor activity; hormone synthesis decreases during menopause as well.
Women should be especially attentive to their health in case of any hormonal imbalances. This is due to the fact that they can cause the development of endometritis, tumors and other dangerous complications.
Today, various benign and malignant formations are diagnosed both in young and mature women. The main risk factors include malnutrition, bad habits and wrong lifestyle.
Important! Even a malignant tumor is not a verdict. It is important only to identify it as early as possible. To do this, you need to be regularly examined and treated by a gynecologist. Especially important is the constant observation by a specialist is for patients with burdened heredity (when close relatives were diagnosed with cervical or ovarian cancer).
The most important stage on the way to successful treatment of diseases in gynecology is a qualitative examination.
The specialist is sure to clarify all complaints, learn the age of the patient, the peculiarities of her lifestyle (including sexual). If necessary, the doctor is interested in the nature of work, etc. Specialist necessarily receives information about the presence of tumors, endocrine or other disorders. It is important to know about the past surgical interventions, infectious and other diseases. Also, the doctor learns whether the woman had abortions, whether she had a pregnancy, how many of them ended in the birth of a child.
It allows you to get information about the growth and weight of the body, the peculiarities of body build, the development of adipose tissue, the condition of the skin, the nature of the hair. The doctor palpates lymph nodes, measures blood pressure and pulse rate, palpates mammary glands and abdomen.
Examination on the chair
The specialist can immediately determine the presence of ulcers, inflammation, varicose veins, prolapse of the vaginal and uterine walls. With the help of mirrors, the mucous membranes are examined, the shape of the cervix is determined, polyps, scars, etc. are detected.
After the examination and anamnesis collection, the doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis. To clarify it, laboratory and instrumental diagnostics are performed.
Laboratory examination includes:
- Bacterioscopic examination. It allows determining the degree of purity of the vagina. Cytological diagnostics. This study allows us to detect malignant formations at an early stage. Research of blood and urine. Such diagnosis is carried out on suspicion of pregnancy, as well as on various inflammatory and hormonal pathologies.
- The instrumental diagnostics includes: ultrasound; colposcopy; uterine probing; biopsy; hysteroscopy; laparoscopy; computer tomography; magnetic resonance tomography.